What does doping mean?
According to the Articles 2.1-2.11of the World Anti-Doping Code doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations.
ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS
2.1 Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample;
2.2 Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method;
2.3 Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection by an athlete;
2.4 Whereabouts failures by an athlete;
2.5 Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control by an athlete or other person;
2.6 Possession of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method by an athlete or athlete support person;
2.7 Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method by an athlete or other person;
2.8 Administration or attempted administration by an athlete or other person to any athlete in-competition of any prohibited substance or prohibited method, or administration or attempted administration to any athlete out-of- competition of any prohibited substance or any prohibited method that is prohibited out-of-competition;
2.9 Complicity or attempted complicity by an athlete or other person;
2.10 Prohibited association by an athlete or other person;
2.11 Acts by an athlete or other person to discourage or retaliate against reporting to authorities;